新经济体发展喜与忧 Delights and Worries for the Development of New Economics

渌荷Lotus 2018年6月21日 11:00
翻译习作

新经济体发展喜与忧

在经济全球化的条件下,经济要素的流动性大大加强,出现了某种“溢流”效应,资金、技术等经济要素向可以提供低成本、高增长的场所流动,这为新经济体的发展提供了条件。新兴经济体经济增长迅速,在世界经济总体中所占份额不断扩大, 在全球经济增长中扮演着越来越重要的角色,成为世界经济发展的突出特征。

新经济体的发展主要得益于以下两个方面:首先,新兴经济体多是面积较大的国家,土地面积辽阔,人口众多,年轻人口占绝大多数,有充足的劳动力,制造生产成本低,能带来更高的经济回报。另外新兴经济体大体采用市场经济模式,国内市场大,消费升级空间大,对外国资本有很强的吸引力。

同时,新经济体发展也面临着诸多问题和风险。新经济体在高端产业和金融业上仍处弱势,内在机制也还有待健全完善。此外,地缘冲突与政治风险,财政风险,债务与金融风险,贸易投资保护主义挑战等诸多风险有增无减。但从总体趋势看,新经济体国家的发展势头是挡不住的,依然是世界经济增长的主要动力。

Delights and Worries for the Development of New Economics

Economic globalization has greatly driven the transfer of economic factors and thus brought about an “overflow” effect that economic factors like capital and technology flow into places that could guarantee low cost and high profit growth, forming a foundation for the springing up of new economics. The newly emerged economic powers, with their rapid economic growths and increasingly broadened shares in the world economy as a whole, are showing more and more important roles in world economic growth, which has become a prominent trait of the world economic development.

The following two advantages have contributed to the expansion of new economics: first, most new economics are large-scaled countries with enormous populations and dominant young people, so they have adequate labor resources and enjoy low producing costs that could bring more economic returns. Second, new economics generally employ the market economy, and the huge domestic markets and large potential for trading up are demonstrated as great attractions for foreign capitals.

Meanwhile, new economics are also faced with lots of problems and risks. They are inferior in high-grade industries and financial industry, and call for perfection and improvement of their internal mechanisms. And risks like geopolitical conflict, political risk, fiscal risk, debt and financial risk, protectionism in trade and investigation just seem more piercing. But judging from an overall view, newly emerged economics have shown an irresistible trend of economic development and remain to be the main impulse of world economic growth.

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