中译英习作

Merry Jan. 6, 2019, 9:50 p.m.
Translation exercises

近代以来,中国备受西方列强侵略欺凌,一个重要原因就是有国无防、军力孱弱。1840年第一次鸦片战争爆发。此后,西方列强趁火打劫,又先后发动第二次鸦片战争、中法战争、中日甲午战争、八国联军侵华战争等,以坚船利炮一步步打开中国国门,逼迫腐朽的清政府签订了一系列卖国条约,使中国沦为半殖民地半封建社会,中华民族陷于水深火热之中。清政府倒台后,新旧军阀你争我斗、相互倾轧,混战不休、无暇外顾。国民党政府忙于内战、荒废建设,有国无防的局面没有根本改变,在抗日战争中遭受山河破碎的悲惨境遇。新中国成立后,在中国共产党坚强领导下,大力加强国防和军队建设,独立自主研制“两弹一星”和现代化武器装备,建立起比较完整的国防科技工业体系,打赢了抗美援朝战争和几场边境地区自卫反击作战,彻底改变了有国无防的历史,使“西方侵略者几百年来只要在东方的一个海岸上架起几尊大炮就可以霸占一个国家的时代一去不复返了”,赢得了新中国应有的国际地位。
上世纪90年代以来,面对世界新军事革命蓬勃兴起和霸权主义遏控打压,中国逐步加大国防投入,加快推进国防和军队现代化建设,在机械化和信息化建设方面取得显著进步。但是与以美国为代表的世界军事强国相比,常规军力、战略威慑和打击力量、新型作战力量、军队组织形态和军事管理现代化建设等方面还有很大差距。可以说,无论是从与国家经济科技发展和现代化进程相适应来讲,还是从缩小与世界军事强国的差距而言,中国都迫切需要全面加快国防和军队现代化建设步伐。

译文:
Since modern times, China has been subjected to aggression and bullying by Western powers. One principal reason is that China lacks complete national defense and strong military forces. In 1840, the First Opium War broke out. Since then, Western powers quickened their invasion by continuously launching the Second Opium War, the Sino-French War, the First Sino-Japanese War, and the War of Aggression against China by the Eight-Power Allied Forces, therefore, opened China’s doors with warships and cannons. They forced the decadent Qing government to sign a series of traitorous pacts, leaving China descend to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, and plunging the Chinese nation into severe dilemma. After the collapse of the Qing government, the old and new warlords were caught in endless internal fights and left no attention on external circle. The Kuomintang government was buried in civil war and kept construction uncultivated. Thus, the fact that China had no practical defence did not alter fundamentally, leading to its tragic breakage of territory in the War of Resistance Against Japan. After the founding of New China, under the firm leadership of the CPC, China has vigorously strengthened national defense and army construction, independently developed "Two Bombs and One Star" and modern weapons and equipment, established a relatively complete industrial system of national defense science and Technology. Inaddition, China has won the war of Resistance against the United States and Aiding Korea and other several self-defense and counter-attack operations in border areas, completely ending the history without practical national defense, making the era that western aggressors can dominate a country as long as they erect cannons on its coast gone and has won international status it deserves.
Since the 1990s, due to the vigorous rise of the new military revolution in the world and the suppression of hegemonism, China has gradually increased its investment in national defense and accelerated the modernization of national defense and army, making remarkable progress in the construction of mechanization and information. Nevertheless, compared with the other international military powers represented by the United States, China still lags far behind in conventional forces, strategic deterrence and strike forces, new combat forces, military organization and management modernization. It can be said that China urgently needs to speed up the modernization of national defense and army in an all-round way, either to adapt to the development of national economy, science and technology and the process of modernization, or to narrow the gap between itself and the other military powers in the world.

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